Avifauna

Thane Creek which was declared as Important Bird Area in 2004 due to seeking its adequate ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, natural or zoological significance, species was then declared as Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary through a notification dated 06th Aug 2015. The area of Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary lies at the West side of the creek between the Airoli and Vashi Bridge. Home to thousands of migratory Flamingos and 205 other species of birds. Extensive mudflats formed along the banks of the creek are important for the birds which feed on brine shrimp and blue green algae.

Greater Flamingo

  • Scientific name : Phoenicopterus roseus
  • Condition: Not easily found. Local migration
  • Identificaion: Long legs and tall, pale-tall bird Dark pink beak bent down at an angle .The male and female look the same.
  • Description : The Greater Flamingo is a bird species belonging to the Flamingo family. They are most widespread among all Flamingos and are found in different regions of in india These beautiful birds live in large colonies.



Lesser Flamingo

  • Scientific name : Phoeniconaias minor
  • Condition: Not easily found. Local migration
  • Identificaion: Long neck and feet The color of the pallet is dark pink in comparison to the upper rohita .the darkest color .There are radish feathers in the root of the rice (the beak where the beak starts), the crimson color .Well and the female look the same.
  • Description : Lesser Flamingo is the smallest of the four flamingo's species. Adult has deep eye and surrounding bare facial skin. It has a rather angry expression.


Black-headed Ibis

  • Scientific name : Threskiornis Melanocephalus
  • Condition: Commonly found.
  • Identificaion: Normal poultry bird with a headless head and neck. The long and strong beak turned down. Male and female look the same.
  • Description : The black-headed ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus) is a large, white waterbird with a prominent bare black head and neck, and a long, down-curved black bill The body of this species is elongated but robust. The tail of the black-headed ibis bears grey ornamental feathers, in contrast to its close relative the ...

Indian Pond-heron

  • Scientific name : Ardeola grayii
  • Condition: Commonly found easily. Local residents
  • Identificaion: While taking a rest, it does not look like a brownish bird, but it attracts attention from the wings, tail and the white color of the background. In the season of breeding, there is a long long feather of feathers and head on the back of the male and female. Male and female look the same
  • Description : The Indian pond heron or paddybird is a small heron. It is of Old World origins, breeding in southern Iran and east to Pakistan, India, Burma, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Painted Stork

  • Scientific name : Mycteria leucocephala
  • Condition: Commonly found easily. Local residents.
  • Identificaion: Large, tall, birds .Long, thick yellow beak slightly straighter .Even non - yellow, orange faces .The mother and the female look the same
  • Description : The painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala) is a large wader in the stork family. It is found in the wetlands of the plains of tropical Asia south of the Himalayas in the Indian Subcontinent and extending into india ...


Eurasian Curlew

  • Scientific name :Numenius arquat
  • Condition: It is not easy to find
  • Identificaion: Long, gray - blue feet .Very long, curved beak. Gray - red color, white background .While male and female look identical, the female peak is too long.
  • Description : The Eurasian curlew is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae. It is one of the most widespread of the curlews, breeding across temperate india



Black-tailed Godwit

  • Scientific name : Limosa limosa
  • Condition: It is not easy to find
  • Identificaion: Long-footed and long beak The beak is thin but straight on the top. Slight gray - There is a black-white suit belt on the fan's fan party. In the middle of March, we get a glimpse of the bright color that appears during the reproduction period, when the orange color appears on the head, neck and chest.
  • Description : The black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa) is a large, long-legged, long-billed shorebird first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. It is a member of the Limosa genus, the godwits.

Curlew Sandpiper

  • Scientific name :Calidris ferruginea
  • Condition: It is not easy to find
  • Identificaion: Slight, downward peak, blackish - delicate, dark-colored nakshi on thin colors. A white belt belt on the lower part of the body on the white eye .A dark brown color around both sides .The female beak is slightly lighter and more long.
  • Description : The curlew sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) is a small wader that breeds on the tundra of Arctic Siberia.The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds.

Western Reef-Egret

  • Scientific name : Egretta gularis
  • Condition: Commonly found.
  • Identificaion: It looks like a little calf in some part, but there are two color combinations of the ocean floor - white is blue gray with white strips of the neck. Feather feathers come in. Male and female look the same
  • Description : The western reef heron (Egretta gularis) also called the western reef egret, is a medium-sized heron found in southern Europe, Africa and parts of Asia.


Purple heron

  • Scientific name :A edea purpurea
  • Condition: Not easily found.local immigrant.
  • Identificaion: The upper part is the grayish gray. Diverting head and heart upwards, black and brown in the lower side. The purple color emerges from the direct sunlight.
  • Description : The purple heron (Ardea purpurea) is a wide-ranging species of wading bird in the heron family, Ardeidae. The scientific name comes from Latin ardea "heron", and purpureus, "coloured purple". ... It is similar in appearance to the more common grey heron but is slightly smaller, more slender and has darker plumage.

Black-Wing Stilt

  • Scientific name : Himantopus himantopus
  • Condition: Commonly found.
  • Identificaion: Chrysanthemum Slim, long, brownish feet. Straight, slender, black beech
  • Description : The black-winged stilt (Himantopus himantopus) is a widely distributed very long-legged wader in the avocet and stilt family (Recurvirostridae). It is now widely accepted that the scientific name H. himantopus which was formerly applied to a single almost cosmopolitan species and is now normally applied to the widespread form from Eurasia and Africa which was formerly regarded as the nominate subspecies of Himantopus himantopus sensu lato.Adults are 33–36 cm (13–14 in) long.

Whimbrel

  • Scientific name :Numenius Phaeopus
  • Condition: It is not easy to find.
  • Identificaion: The little bird that looks similar to the Eurasian Coral On the dark brown head there is a honeycomb band, and on the head there is a white colored belt.
  • Description : The whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae. It is one of the most widespread of the curlews, breeding across much of subarctic india, as far south as Scotland.It is 37–47 cm (15–19 in) in length, 75–90 cm (30–35 in) in wingspan, and 270–493 g (9.5–17.4 oz) in weight.

Whiskered Tern

  • Scientific name : Chilidonias hybridus
  • Condition: Commonly found instantly. Local Stalin
  • Identificaion: Pavement, but slightly slender, red bit bird. Keep the upper side of the body, white below. The tail is slightly binary.
  • Description : The Whiskered Tern is a small tern generally found in or near inland water in india. As its name suggests, it has predominantly dark plumage. It breeds in loose colonies and usually forages, roosts, and migrates in flocks of a few to more than 100 birds, occasionally up to tens of thousands.Adults are 25 cm (9.8 in) long, with a wingspan 61 cm (24 in), and weigh 62 g (2.2 oz).

Osprey

  • Scientific name :Pandion haliaetus
  • Condition: Not easily found. Winter look
  • Identificaion: Normally roughly the size .A dark brownish head is white and brown .The lower part of the body is white. A wide, brown-colored belt in the upper part of the chest fits quickly. Male and female exclusions appear
  • Description : The osprey or more specifically the western osprey (Pandion haliaetus) — also called sea hawk, river hawk, and fish hawk — is a diurnal, fish-eating bird of prey with a cosmopolitan range. It is a large raptor, reaching more than 60 cm (24 in) in length and 180 cm (71 in) across the wings. It is brown on the upperparts and predominantly greyish on the head and underparts.

White-Throated Kingfisher

  • Scientific name : Halcyon smyrnenis
  • Condition: Commonly found.
  • Identificaion: A large sized trunk Bright, bright blue color with wings and tail. At the bottom of the head, shoulders, both sides of the neck, and the side of the vertebra, are brownish on the throat, chest and chest. Large size strong beak is reddish, feet are reddish red.
  • Description : The white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) also known as the white-breasted kingfisher is a tree kingfisher,This kingfisher is a resident over much of its range, although some populations may make short distance movements. It can often be found well away from water where it feeds on a wide range of prey that includes small reptiles, amphibians, crabs, small rodents and even birds. During the breeding season they call loudly in the mornings from prominent perches including the tops of buildings in urban areas or on wires.This is a large kingfisher, 27–28 cm (10.6–11.0 in) in length.

Lesser Whistling Duck

  • Scientific name :Dendrocygna javanica
  • Condition: Commonly found.
  • Identificaion: A large sized trunk Bright, bright blue color with wings and tail. At the bottom of the head, shoulders, both sides of the neck, and the side of the vertebra, are brownish on the throat, chest and chest. Large size strong beak is reddish, feet are reddish red.
  • Description : lesser whistling duck is a species of whistling duck that breeds in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. They are nocturnal feeders that during the day may be found in flocks around lakes and wet paddy fields.They can perch on trees and sometimes build their nest in the hollow of a tree. This brown and long-necked duck has broad wings that are visible in flight and produces a loud two-note wheezy call.

Black Kite

  • Scientific name : Milvus migrans
  • Condition: Commonly found.
  • Identificaion: Easy-looking, medium-sized, headed tail bird hunter Dark and light brown shade, dark brown part behind the eye, yellow color and black claw.
  • Description : The black kite (Milvus migrans) is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, They are also vociferous with a shrill whinnying call. This kite is widely distributed through the temperate and tropical parts of Eurasia.Unlike others of the group,



Wood Sandpiper

  • Scientific name : Tringa glareola
  • Condition: Commonly found.
  • Identificaion: slim-looking and richly speckled above;yellowwish legs a small whitish rump and absence of wing -bar helps very active and vocal,usually a few scattered in creek-edge and shallows,preferaby where there is red and herbage.
  • Description : The wood sandpiper is a small wader. This Eurasian species is the smallest of the shanks, which are mid-sized long-legged waders of the family Scolopacidae.This bird is usually found on freshwater during migration and wintering. They forage by probing in shallow water or on wet mud, and mainly eat insects and similar small prey.

Slender-Billed Gull

  • Scientific name :Lareus geneis
  • Condition: Commonly found easily. Winter visitors.
  • Identificaion: Head, neck, crust and tail white. Art paint on the back side and upper part of the fan, to the ends, gray. Part of potassium There is a dark dot on both sides of the head.
  • Description : The slender-billed gull is a mid-sized gull which breeds very locally around the Mediterranean and the north of the western Indian Ocean on islands and coastal lagoons


Ruddy turnstone

  • Scientific name : Arenaria interpres
  • Condition: Commonly found easily. Winter watching
  • Identificaion: Lavender Dark brown, brash and white color on the upper side, coloring the wings with the wings of the sparrow. On the lower side, especially the stomach and dark behind the tail on the white side of the tail, the dark brown color, the ends are white, the dark brown X-letter strap on the tail. Feet orange colored.
  • Description : The ruddy turnstone is a small wading bird, one of two species of turnstone in the genus Arenaria. The scientific name is from Latin. The genus name arenaria derives from arenarius, "inhabiting sand, from arena, "sand".Ruddy turnstones are one of only two turnstone species, the other being the black turnstone, which is also found in North America.

Red-Wattled lapwing

  • Scientific name :vanellus indicus
  • Condition: Commonly found easily. Winter watching..
  • Identificaion: : The wings and the background are black, purple, brightness, head, chest and neck next to the black. The fifteenth strap that starts from behind the neck, behind the neck, stomach and tail. A typical voice that coincides with the verb of the verdant part of the red color, a surefire murder, long, yellow legs in English, "Did it say it." Male and female look the same.
  • Description : The red-wattled lapwing is a lapwing or large plover, a wader in the family Charadriidae. Like other lapwings they are ground birds that are incapable of perching. Indicus occurs in india.


Brahminy Kite

  • Scientific name :Haliastur indus
  • Condition: not found easily. Winter visitors
  • Identificaion: : Except for the head and chest, and the black color with the end of the wings. Small birds are more dark, dark brown in color. The tail is round.
  • Description : The brahminy kite (Haliastur indus), also known as the red-backed sea-eagle in Australia, is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors, such as eagles, buzzards, and harriers. They are found in the Indian .


Little-green-heron

  • Scientific name : butorides striata
  • Condition: not found easily. Winter visitors
  • Identificaion: Almost like Dhokri, but dark gray, dark green color At the upper side is a silvery green, gray in the lower side, and a head-and-fly color is dark green in color. Male and female look the same.
  • Description : The green heron is a small heron of North and Central America. Butorides is from Middle English butor "bittern" and Ancient Greek -oides, "resembling", and virescens is Latin for "greenish".Green herons are seasonally monogamous. The green heron is relatively small; adult body length is about 44 cm (17 in).


Great Egret

  • Scientific name :Ardea alba
  • Condition: Usually found easily. Local residents
  • Identificaion: : Tall white birds, black legs, and black-yellow or just yellow beak. During breeding period, there is a fine long peak on the back of the birds. Male and female look the same
  • Description : The great egret, also known as the common egret, large egret or great white egret or great white heron is a large, widely distributed egret, with four subspecies found in Asia, The National Audubon Society has adopted the flying great egret as its symbol.


Grey-Heron

  • Scientific name : Ardea cinerea
  • Condition: Usually found easily. Local residents
  • Identificaion: Gray gray - white bird Long slim and English S shaped neck, and scalp beetle.
  • Description : The grey heron is a long-legged predatory wading bird of the heron family, Ardeidae, native throughout temperate Europe and Asia and also parts of Africa . In all grey heron adults, the head is white with long black feathers that extend from the eyes to the beginning of the neck, forming a large, impressive crest


Little Ringed Plover

  • Scientific name : Charadrius dubius
  • Condition: easily found. Local migration
  • Identificaion: Black and White head pattern,paler during winter; yellow legs, eye-ring
  • Description : The little ringed plover is a small plover with a distinctive black and white head pattern, similar to the ringed plover. ... In flight, it shows a plain brown wing without the white wingbar that ringed plover has.



Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary